The Fargo-Moorhead Metropolitan Council of Governments (Metro COG) is the Metropolitan Planning Organization (MPO) for the Fargo-Moorhead area. An MPO is a transportation policy-making organization made up of representatives from local government and transportation authorities.

On October 17 and 18, 1961, at the North Dakota State Capitol Building, state and regional engineers, planners and administrators met to continue discussing the use of funds from the Urban Renewal Administration to complete planning studies in the state,in particular the Fargo, ND, and Moorhead, MN, urbanized area. By the end of the meeting a tentative outline had been created for a Fargo-Moorhead Transportation Study and procedures for organizing the effort had been agreed upon. Thus, the first multi-jurisdictional growth plan for the Fargo-Moorhead urbanized area had began.

A year and a half (and dozens of meetings by various committees) later the first meeting of the Coordinating Committee for Fargo-Southwest Fargo-Moorhead-Dilworth Metropolitan Area Comprehensive Planning and Traffic Study was held on March 21, 1963. This was the first meeting of what would become todays Metro COG Policy Board.